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PIGMENTATION

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that results in flat, darkened patches of skin that are light brown to black in colour, and can vary in size and shape. 

Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless, but can cause significant distress as the dark spots tend to appear on the visible areas such as face, hands and other areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun and can be difficult to hide.

Hyperpigmentation is caused by overproduction of melanin.  Melanin is a pigment that is produced naturally in the skin and gives our skins, hair and eyes its natural colour.  

Hyperpigmentation affects people of all ethnicities, but people with darker skin tend to be more at risk.  

HOW TO RECOGNISE HYPERPIGMENTATION?

There are many types if hyperpigmentation, the following are the most common:

-          Freckles and pigment spots such as age spots and Lentigo Solaris are caused by sun exposure and appear mainly on the face and body parts that are exposed to the sun.  These tend to be small, darkened patches of skin.

-          Melasma or Chloasma is often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”, because it affect pregnant women.  This is due to the hormonal changes of pregnancy but it can also be due to birth control pills.  Melasma/Chloasma is large dark irregularly shaped areas of the face and arms.

-          Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs commonly among acne suffers and can also be caused by cosmetic procedures.  This happens when the skin trauma heals and leaves a flat area of discoloration behind.

Other factors can also cause patches of skin to become darker, such as moles, scarring, birthmarks and skin cancers, but none of these are classified a hyperpigmentation.  If you have any dark spots, or if you become aware of new dark spots, they start bleeding, are itchy or change in appearance – see your dermatologist.

WHAT ARE THE MAJOR CAUSES OF HYPERPIGMENTATION?

-          Sun exposure:  Melanin acts as our skin’s natural sunscreen by protecting us from the harmful UV rays of the sun.  This is why we are able to tan, but excessive sun exposure disrupts this process and leads to hyperpigmentation.  Sunlight triggers melanin production, making it the number one cause of hyperpigmentation.

-          Melasma is hormone induced and is common among women as it occurs when oestrogen and progesterone stimulate the overproduction of melanin when skin is exposed to the sun.  Melasma can also be triggered by certain illnesses and birth control pills and is more prevalent among people with darker skin.

WHAT CAN YOU DO TO IMPROVE HYPERPIGMENTATION

The most important preventative measure is to limit the time you spend in the sun.  Certain occupations, such as gardeners are at a higher risk due to their associated exposure to UV radiation.

Wear protective clothing and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with UVA & UVB protection to help reduce your risk of developing hyperpigmentation and to stop existing spots of getting worse.

Dermatological treatments are very effective in treating and improving Hyperpigmentation.  This needs to be discussed with a qualified dermatologist.

Until recently the only product available to treat hyperpigmentation was Hydroquinone.  Hydroquinone should only be used under the supervision of a dermatologist.

Skincare products have evolved over recent years and most rely on active ingredients such as Arbutin, Kojic Acid and Vitamin C derivatives to improve hyperpigmentation.

Whatever option you choose, make sure you use a broad spectrum sunscreen every day.



Name SKU Price Thumbnail Image Description Update
Even Brighter Day Cream SPF 30 | 50ml EC5 R0.00 This moisturising cream with high UVA protection reduces the appearance of hyperpigmentation and prevent further sun damage and pigmentation. Suitable for normal to dry skin. For best results apply Even Brighter spot corrector first and use Even Bright

Even Brighter Night Cream | 50ml EC6 R0.00 This regenerating cream fights hyperpigmentation and aid to repair sun-induced skin damage, while intensively moisturising your skin. Suitable for normal to dry skin. For best results, EVEN BRIGHTER Spot Corrector first, and use EVEN BRIGHTER Day Cream in

Lumixyl Revitaleyes | 15ml N43 R0.00 Revitaleyes is the latest addition in the Lumixyl Topical Brightening range. Revitaleye works not only on fine winkles but also provides a moisture boost, repair inflammation and treat dark circles under the eyes.

Lumixyl Topical Brightening Cream | 30ml N23 R0.00 Brightening cream that safely and effectively improve the appearance of mild to moderate hyperpigmentation, such as Melasma, age spots, photo damage and acne scarring. This Brightening cream is gentle to the skin and will not cause redness or peeling. It

Neostrata Enlighten Illuminating Serum N37 R0.00 This serum helps break up and reduce the appearance of existing pigmentation and discourage new spots from forming.

Neostrata Enlighten Pigment Controller N36 R0.00 An advanced formula to control pigmentation and prevent new dark spots from forming. May be applied over the Enlighten Illuminating Serum

Neostrata Enlighten Ultra Brightening Cleanser N35 R0.00 Ultra Brightening Cleanser is the first step in this daily regimen. It helps prepare the skin for maximum treatment benefits from the Enlighten range.

Neostrata Pigment lightening Gel | 40g N5 R0.00 Hydroquinone-free gel for mild discolorations that smooth dark spots and discolorations. Apply to affected area twice daily after cleansing. Follow with moisturiser and Sunscreen.



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